Title: Preparation and characterization of erythrocyte membrane cloaked PLGA/arsenic trioxide nanoparticles and evaluation of their in vitro antitumor effect

Zul Kamal

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China


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Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is used for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) that is resistant to all-trans-retinoic acid, but its direct intravenous injection sometimes induces severe toxic side effects. Here, we developed a delivery system of red blood cell membrane (RBCM) cloaked poly (lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA)-ATO nanoparticles (RPANs) to reduce the toxicity. PLGA was used to entrap the ATO, and the PLGA-ATO nanoparticles (PANs) were prepared by the emulsification method. Then RBCMs were employed to cloak the PANs using ultrasonication, to develop the RPANs delivery system. The prepared RPANs had a uniform size of around 233.6 nm with an obvious core–shell structure, as observed by TEM. The completeness of the membrane proteins was confirmed by SDS-PAGE and an in vitro release time of 65 h was determined for the RPANs. The RPANs also exhibited low cytotoxicity against the 293k kidney cell line (84.6% cell viability rate), which suggested that the ATO toxicity was reduced by RBCM cloaking. Moreover, the anti-tumor effects of the RPANs against the HL60 cell line were comparable to those of ATO solution. Our study demonstrated that the RPANs system has anti tumor potential and could be developed into a safe and sustained release delivery system for ATO.