Speaker at Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery Systems 2022 - Tarek Aboul Fadl
Assiut University, Egypt
Title : Prodrugs of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and Amino acid esters as novel non-cyclooxygenase inhibitors for colorectal cancer chemoprevention

Abstract:

A structure-based medicinal chemistry strategy was applied to design new NSAID prodrugs that show growth inhibitory activity against human colon tumor cells through cyclooxygenase (COX)-independent mechanism. In vitro testing of the synthesized compounds against the human HT-29 colon tumor cell line revealed enhanced growth inhibitory activity compared to the parent drugs. Selectivity of the most active tested molecules was investigated against a panel of three tumor and one normal colon cell lines and showed up to six times less toxicity against normal colonocytes. The tested molecules was shown to induce dose-dependent apoptosis of HT116 colon tumor cells as evidenced by measuring the activity of caspases-3 and 7. None of the synthesized prodrugs showed activity against COX-1 or COX-2 isozymes, con?rming a COX-independent mechanism of action. The synthesized prodrugs were found to have no ulcerogenic effect in rats as indicated by electron microscope scanning of the stomach after oral administration. A pharmacophore model was developed for elucidating structure-activity relationships and subsequent chemical optimization for this series of compounds as colorectal cancer chemopreventive drugs.

Biography:

Prof. Tarek Aboul-Fadl has completed his PhD in Medicinal Chemistry from Assiut University, Egypt (1994) under the channel system and joint supervision scheme between Assiut University and Josai University/Japan. He performed his postdoctoral training as a postdoctoral research fellow and scientist of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry at University of Vienna, Austria (1997- 1998), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany (1999 and 2013) and the University of Utah, USA (2001-2002 and 2004-2005).  He has over 77 publications and 4 patents that have been cited over 1934 times, and his publication H-index is 23.  He was awarded ACDIMA Research Award for the Best Scientific Research in Arab World, 2012. 

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