Speaker at Pharma Virtual 2020 2020 - Mohammed Amine Serghini
Laboratory of Biotechnologies and Valorization of Natural Ressources, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Zohr University, Agadir, Morocco
Title : Molecular marker characterization and petal valorization of saffron ‘Crocus sativus L.’


Saffron is very appreciated as a spice, as a product for therapeutic use and as a natural coloring. It consists of the dried stigmas of the flower of Crocus sativus L., an iridaceae with corms. Its exorbitant price of up to $30/g frequently exposes it to fraud and requires the use of effective controlling methods to guarantee its authentication. The pruning of saffron flowers generates waste at the rate of 350 kg per kg of stigmas. This waste is discarded without any recovery. T he use of molecular markers such as SSRs and ISSRs is undertaken with the objective of finding a molecular identity of saffron from different countries and those of accessions  belonging to the same country to distinguish them and trace the  exact origin of saffron. T he search for SSRs at the level of the available genomic sequences of C. sativus made it possible to identify 26 pairs of primers which are used for the PCR amplification of 12 accessions of Moroccan saffron originating from the regions of Taliouine (province of Taroudant) and from Taznakht (province of Ouarzazate) and Greek and French saffron. These saffron samples are also used as a template for the PCR amplification of 10 ISSRs. T he data analysis made it possible to obtain a polymorphism of 40.38% despite the mode of vegetative propagation of this species, to clearly distinguish by these molecular markers, French saffron and certain Moroccan accessions and to draw up a dendrogram for the studied genotypes. T he  use  of  the  pruned  saffron  flowers  for  the  production  of  bio-dye  has  involved  aqueous  extraction and  treatments  with different combinations of concentrations, temperatures, pH and dye times on cotton and wool. The parameters followed concern  color  yield, fastness to  washing, dry and  wet  friction, acid  and  alkaline  perspiration and  light  stability.  It  emerges from  this  study  that  the  dyeing  of  wool  and  cotton  by  the  extract  of  the  petals  of  saffron  flower  is  better  with  a  concentration of 10% of dye, an acid pH (pH = 3) of the bath, a temperature of 90 ° for wool and 98 ° for cotton, for one hour. The dye is well fixed by wool than by cotton. The use of mordants increases wash resistance. It accentuates the coloring with only 3% of the dye and made it possible to obtain a wide range of colored tints from yellow to brown and green which shows that saffron petals waste can be a good natural dye for the cotton and wool textile industry. Key words:  Saffron, Crocus sativus L., Molecular markers, Flowers waste, Bio-dye.


Mohammed Amine Serghini, born in 1964, holds a thesis from the Louis Pasteur University of Strasbourg, France and a PhD from Ibn Zohr Univesity of  Agadir, Morocco in  molecular plant  virology. Currently, he  is a  professor  of higher  education  and director  of biotechnology and genetic resources team in the faculty of sciences – Ibn Zohr University, Agadir.  In terms of research activities, Prof. M.A. Serghini carries out several national and international research programs in the field of plant biotechnologies. He has supervised more than twelve doctoral theses and has published around forty publications in national and international journals.